Compact Objects

Compact objects are stellar remnants such as white dwarfs, neutron stars, and black holes, as well as their higher mass counterparts supermassive black holes in the centers of galaxies.   

Research Highlights

Binary Black Hole
Artist's impression of binary black holes (Credit: NASA)

Binary Black Holes

Binary black holes are of interest for multiple topics in astrophysics ranging from the detection of gravitational waves to galaxy evolution and cosmology. While the formation of massive binary black holes from galaxy mergers is almost inevitable, direct evidence remains uncertain. We develop new techniques to identify binary black holes on different scales across the Universe. 

Links to research groups and facilities: Xin Liu, Stuart ShapiroYue ShenDES, LSST, Blue Waters


Neutron Stars
Simulation of the merger of magnetized binary neutron stars

Binary Neutron Stars and Binary Black Hole-Neutron Stars

Compact binaries containing neutron stars are of great interest for understanding the physics of nuclear matter under extreme conditions. They are copious emitters of gravitational waves and the likely engines that power short gamma-ray bursts. Understanding the nature of merging compact binaries and how to solve Einstein's equations of general relativity on supercomputers to obtain that understanding, is hotly pursued at the University of Illinois.

Links to research groups and facilities: Stuart Shapiro


Simulation of a black hole accretion disk

Black Hole Accretion

Black hole accretion powers some of the most luminous objects in the universe, including quasars, active galactic nuclei, tidal disruption events, gamma-ray bursts, and black hole x-ray transients.  We develop ab initio models of black hole accretion.  We are especially interested in modeling sources for the Event Horizon Telescope, which will produced resolved images of the black hole in the galactic center, and in understanding the origin of state transitions and associated outflows.

Links to research groups and facilities: Charles Gammie


A sample of quasars drawn from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey
A sample of quasars drawn from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey

Cosmic Evolution of Supermassive Black Holes

The growth of supermassive black holes (SMBHs) and their possible influences on the formation and evolution of their host galaxies is an important topic in modern astronomy. We use large samples of active SMBHs (e.g., quasars) from surveys and smaller samples from dedicated programs to study their physical properties and evolution across cosmic time, as well as their impact on galaxy formation.

Links to research groups and facilities: Yue Shen, SDSS


Faculty Interested in Compact Objects

Name Research Interests
Black Holes; Formation of the Moon; Planet Formation; Star Formation; Cosmic-ray Transport; Interstellar Turbulence
analytical and numerical relativity; machine and deep learning; multimessenger astrophysics
Astronomical Survey and Data Science; Origin and Cosmic Evolution of Galaxies and Galactic Nuclei; The Nature of Black Holes and Gravity
Computational Astrophysics; Cosmological Structure Formation; Clusters of Galaxies; Binary Stars; Supernovae
Multimessenger Astronomy; Numerical Relativity; Gravitational Waves; Scientific Computing; Data Science
General Relativity; Numerical Relativity; Gravitational Wave Astrophysics; Computational Magnetohydrodynamics and Stellar Dynamics; Cosmology
Observational Cosmology; Quasars and Active Galactic Nuclei; Galaxy Formation and Evolution; Surveys and Time-Domain Science